On average, about 60% of the agricultural exports of developing countries go to industrialized countries. But industrialized countries are collecting a smaller proportion of duties on the agricultural exports of developing countries. This is due in part to the lower average applied tariffs on agriculture in industrialized countries: of course, this average “smooths out” the impact of a number of very high peak tariff rates. This table of data from the World Bank shows where the duties on the agricultural exports of developing countries are paid. Most of the duties paid to other developing countries are paid in markets in the same region as the exporting country. For example, about a third of the duties paid on agricultural exports from East Asian countries are collected in the other developing economies of the region.
Peter Gallagher is student of piano and photography. He was formerly a senior trade official of the Australian government. For some years after leaving government, he consulted to international organizations, governments and business groups on trade and public policy.
He teaches graduate classes at the University of Adelaide on trade research methods and the role of firms in trade and growth and tweets trade (and other) stuff from @pwgallagher