The apparent near identity of the genome of chimpanzees and man—98.5% of the DNA sequences are the same—is puzzling. But the distribution of differences—and their expression in proteins—is what makes distant similarity of apparent near identity. The differences (1.44%) are distributed in a way that easily explains the differences in the outcome, as Japanese research confirms bq. “These differences are sufficient to generate changes in most of the proteins: indeed, 83 percent of the 231 coding sequences, including functionally important genes, show differences at the amino-acid sequence level,” they added. (“Reuters”:http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=R40UOPO2ORK5GCRBAEOCFEY?type=scienceNews&storyID=5264726&pageNumber=1) The error of distribution is a pretty powerful error. Imagine two pieces of music that—considered one bar at at time—share ninety-eight percent of the same notes. Think how different the two pieces could be. Mozart and Shostakovich.
Peter Gallagher is student of piano and photography. He was formerly a senior trade official of the Australian government. For some years after leaving government, he consulted to international organizations, governments and business groups on trade and public policy.
He teaches graduate classes at the University of Adelaide on trade research methods and the role of firms in trade and growth and tweets trade (and other) stuff from @pwgallagher