WTO Whimpers

This weekend’s WTO Min­is­te­r­i­al meet­ing in Gene­va was unable to agree on how to keep goods and ser­vices mar­kets open to trade and com­pe­ti­tion. That’s no sur­prise, after ten years of repeat­ed fail­ure to agree. Nor is it a cat­a­stro­phe giv­en that for­mal bar­ri­ers are being held in check (more or less), for now, despite the glob­al reces­sion. But in a world tee­ter­ing on the brink of a sec­ond reces­sion, the stale­mate in WTO gives plen­ty of rea­son for con­cern.

The near­ly-twen­ty-year-old treaties that cur­rent­ly gov­ern world trade allow a lot of room for gov­ern­ments to hike trade bar­ri­ers by a long way (50 — 80 per­cent in many goods and ser­vices sec­tors) any time they want. The legal lim­its — the trade “bind­ings” — in the treaties on trade in agri­cul­ture, some indus­tri­al prod­ucts and ser­vices, were cut only half way in 1994.

Now, the longer the mis­er­able state of non-col­lab­o­ra­tion on trade extends, the big­ger the risk that some gov­ern­ment will take advan­tage of the “manoeu­vre room” to kick off a round of retal­ia­to­ry, but per­fect­ly legal, trade restric­tions, freez­ing glob­al eco­nom­ic recov­ery.

An out­break of “legal” pro­tec­tion­ism is far from fan­ci­ful. All it would take would be, for exam­ple, elec­toral vic­to­ry in Europe or the Amer­i­c­as for a polit­i­cal par­ty that draws its sup­port from the mil­lions of dis­af­fect­ed and unem­ployed who are suf­fer­ing most from glob­al reces­sion. A defi­ant act, secure­ly with­in the lim­its of WTO treaty “bind­ings,” that hiked bor­der bar­ri­er to iso­late and pro­tect domes­tic mar­kets; a plau­si­ble spark for a trade con­fla­gra­tion.

You can find a brief account of the Chairman’s sum­ma­ry of the Min­is­te­r­i­al meet­ing here.

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